Treatment of knee deviation
All about knee dislocation
Knee deviation occurs in different types. Its types are determined according to the side of the knee deviation angle. The deviation of the knee causes changes in the bones of the lower leg and ankle. In the following, we will examine the most common types of knee deviation.
Bracket type knee deviation is also called genovarum. In this type of knee deviation, as the knees move away from each other, the ankles come closer together. So that by observing the legs from a distance, you can realize that the shape of the legs is bracketed.
The disorder that causes the knees to be crossed or X-shaped is called an orthopedic genovalgum disorder. In cross legs, the ankles are further apart and the knees are closer together. The inward deviation of the knees is clearly visible in this type of knee deviation.
Knee retraction is also known as knee extension or knee roll. This complication is often observed in women and athletes are more at risk of this type of knee deviation than other people. Knee setback can be caused by rotational or non-rotational deformity of the knee joint.
In most children, knee deviation abnormality is known as a congenital phenomenon and problem. But malnutrition and suffering from some diseases are also considered as other causes of knee deviation. Among these diseases are:
. Rickets disease due to malnutrition and lack of vitamin D in the body
. Blunt’s disease and stoppage of bone growth plates around the knee
. Paget’s disease, weakening of bone tissue and bracketing of the legs
. Arthritis disease and bending of the knees due to cartilage corrosion and wear of the knee joint
Sudden impact and injuries
Complications and problems caused by knee deviation
Tilting and deviation of the knee causes many problems for the disease. As the deviation becomes more severe, the number of problems also increases. Among the complications and problems caused by knee deviation are:
Bad shape and deformity of the legs
. Putting more pressure on the knees and having knee pain
. Inflammation of the knees due to bearing double pressure
. Pain and reduced range of motion in the hip area
. Inability to maintain balance while walking
. Hearing the sound from the knee joint
. Misalignment of the knees
. Knee instability
. Knee stiffness and dryness
How to diagnose knee deviation
The shape of the legs clearly shows the deviation of the knee. By referring to an orthopedic specialist, he can detect deformities and crooked knees by observing the appearance of the legs. To determine the amount of complications that knee deviation has, the attending physician takes a complete description of the patient’s condition in different states and activities. Then, by performing stretching movements on the patient’s legs and observing his walking, he estimates the severity of the knee bend. Next, it uses imaging methods for more accurate diagnosis. Imaging with the help of X-rays or MRI imaging is one of the most common and accurate methods of diagnosing this orthopedic complication. The type of knee deviation is also detected in these stages.
Treatment of knee deviation in children and adolescents
In order to treat knee deviation in children and teenagers, they must be examined by an orthopedic specialist at the same age. For this reason, if parents notice that their child’s knee is bent or crossed, they must consult a specialist doctor. The most important work that should be done by the doctor is the examination of the knees, the examination of the ankles, the examination to check whether the soles of the feet are smooth or not, and also the examination of the child’s pelvis. The paraclinical procedure that is performed is photographing the knees of a child or teenager while standing. If the knee deviation treatment is done in time and correctly at this age, it brings very good results and basically knee deviation in children and teenagers can be corrected.
Treatment methods in children and adolescents is to correct the patient’s calcium status, which is done by giving drugs containing calcium and vitamin D, which strengthens and corrects knee deviation.
The things that are very useful in children and teenagers is the use of medical insoles. Medical insoles are not only recommended to correct the flatness of the soles of the feet, but also to correct the bent or crossed position in the knees.
After scanning the soles, knowing the condition of the soles and determining the type of knee deviation, it is possible to treat the knee deviation through special medical insoles. Also, if a special bone damage is observed in the knee of children and teenagers, in some limited cases, the orthopedic surgeon will fix special splints in the knee area in order to correct the knee deviation.
Also, in very limited cases, the treatment of knee deviation in children and teenagers may require surgery and hospitalization.
Methods of correction and treatment of knee deviation
The severity of the knee deviation and the type of deviation have a significant effect on determining the appropriate treatment method. The specialist doctor uses non-invasive methods to start the treatment of knee deviation. If these methods do not have favorable results, surgery will be the final treatment option. In this part of the article, we will examine the methods of correction and treatment of knee deviation.
Participating in physiotherapy sessions is one of the most effective ways to correct knee deviation. Movements performed in physiotherapy with the help of a physiotherapist often focus on the kneecap. The purpose of physiotherapy is to strengthen the muscles of the thigh and leg, as well as the bones of the knee and ankle joints. The number of physiotherapy sessions is determined by the relevant doctor.
Use of medical knee braces
There are different types of medical knee braces or braces that are used in the treatment of various knee deviations. Knee braces also control the alignment of the legs by reducing the pressure on the knees. In children who are suffering from leg deformity and knee deviation from birth, surgery is prevented by tying medical knee braces
Doing sports exercises
There are many exercises to correct the posture of the legs, crossed legs and backward knee. Performing these exercises with regular planning and under the supervision of a specialist doctor will help in improving the condition of the knees. Butterfly movement, knee stretching, etc. are among these exercises.
One of the most common surgical methods to treat knee deviation is osteotomy surgery. In this surgery, by shortening or lengthening the length of the leg or thigh bones, they try to correct the condition of cross legs. Special orthopedic screws are used to weld the bones. At the end of the surgery, plastering the legs will be a good way to fix and fuse the modified bones.
After the surgery that is done to treat the knee deviation, a person should take necessary care. Rehabilitation should be done after surgery.
Doing sports and stretching exercises will strengthen the muscles. People can resume their previous sports activities after 6 months of surgery.
People can return to work after 2 to 4 weeks. Actually, people can only sit behind the table after 4 weeks. People who have to perform physical activities in their job, must take care for three months.
In this article, we tried to talk about the deviation of the knee, the reason for the leg being braced, as well as their treatment methods. If the knee deviation is acute and the leg is braced, osteotomy surgery is performed.
After the operation, people should take care of their feet completely. As mentioned in the article, they should be completely careful for 3 to 8 months
In the above material, we examined the types of knee deviation as well as the causes, complications and treatment methods of knee deviation. Congenital problems, diseases and injuries to the knee joint are the most common causes of this condition. Different methods of physiotherapy, braces, corrective movements and surgery are used to treat knee deviation. Osteotomy surgery is one of the most common knee deviation surgery methods.